20200526 36 Chinese strategies


The thirty-six strategies (Chinese 三十六計 / 三十六计, Pinyin Sānshíliù jì, also 三 十六 策, Sānshíliù cè) are a collection of strategies that are attributed to the **Chinese general Tan Daoji († 436).**


The 36 strategies are common in China. They are school reading material and are printed as cartoons.

Chinese authors have named and systematized various trickery techniques for over 2000 years.

Strategems already play an important role in Sunzi’s work Sunzi Bingfa (Sūnzi bīngfǎ) on the art of war (around 500 BC). His core sentence is:

„All acts of war are based on deception“. The thirty-six strategies that are said to go back to General Tan Daoji († 436) are particularly well known in China.

They were written by the tract Sanshiliu Ji. Miben Bingfa (The 36 Strategems – Secret Book of the Art of War, created around 1500) handed down. The author is not known by name, but was probably influenced by Zhao Benxue, a military historian from the Ming period (1368–1644), or one of his students.

The 36 strategies have been incorporated into a variety of stories on military, diplomatic and private topics. These include a. the stories about Zhuge Liang, Cao Cao and Liu Bei.


Den Kaiser täuschen und das Meer überqueren

Bedeutung:

瞞瞒mántäuschen

天天tiānHimmel = Kaiser

過过guòüberqueren海海hǎiMeer

Das „Vollendete Tatsachen“-Strategem (Zieltarnung und Kursverschleierung): Der Kaiser soll gegen seinen Willen dazu gebracht werden, das Meer zu überqueren, indem man ihn in ein Haus am Meer einlädt, das in Wirklichkeit ein Schiff ist. Angespielt wird hier auf ein Ereignis um den Tang-Kaiser Tang Gaozong, der im 7. Jahrhundert n. Chr. das Reich Koguryoangreifen wollte.

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