20191028 JAPAN – Ninja

20191028 **○Japan – Budōka – 武道家○**
🌸 🌸 🌸 🌸 🌸 🌸 🌸
A **ninja 忍者**, in japanese pronunciation:
**shinobi 忍び**
was a covert agent or
mercenary only in feudal Japan and not in Germany or Europe 😉

The functions of a ninja included espionage, deception, and surprise attacks.

Their covert methods of waging irregular warfare were deemed dishonorable and beneath the honor of the samurai.

Though shinobi proper, as specially trained spies and mercenaries,
appeared in the 15th century during the Sengoku period (15th–17th centuries), antecedents may have existed as early as the 12th century.

In the unrest of the Sengoku period, mercenaries and spies for hire became active in Iga Province and the adjacent area around the village of Kōga, and it is from the area’s clans that much of the knowledge of the ninja is drawn.

Following the unification of Japan under the Tokugawa shogunate in the 17th century, the ninja faded into obscurity.

A number of shinobi manuals, often based on Chinese military philosophy,
were written in the 17th and 18th centuries, most notably the Bansenshukai (1676)

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