LOOKING INTO THE PAST: Battlefield Germany
On May 8, 1945, the Second World War ended.
He left behind hidden traces on German soil –
like the countless wars of the past since the
Bronze Age 3000 years ago.
Europe’s oldest known battlefield is hidden in the Tollensetal in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
Here archaeologists found traces of a battle in which around 1250 BC (!!!)
thousands of people were involved.
Who were they?
What do the finds reveal about their lives?
Everywhere in Germany are relics of great battles, hidden in the ground, forgotten among forests and settlements.
What secrets do the battlefields of the past hold?
Archaeologists set off in search of the traces of violence – from the Bronze Age through
the fighting between Romans and Germans
up to the Second World War – on the „battlefield Germany“.
Archaeological research divers have recovered outstanding bronze metal finds in the Tollensetal archaeological site.
These include a gold spiral ring and in Germany so far unique tin rings.
The finds are around 3,300 years old.
They fit into the time period in the previous results, according to a battle in the find area has taken place.
In the Tollensetal north of Altentreptow for many years human skeletal remains, some with signs of injury, but also weapons, such as wooden clubs and arrowheads discovered.
All these finds are proven to date back to the Bronze Age (around 1250 BC).
The excavation works are supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG).
„The accumulations of human bones in the Tollensetal are one of the most exciting archaeological sites in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.“
says the country’s archaeologist Detlef Jantzen.
„Nowhere do we come so close to older Bronze Age individuals, nowhere can we learn so much about the origins, lives and dying of humans nearly 3,300 years ago.“
As in a time capsule, information about economic and social conditions is preserved in a bookless time Let’s open a little bit, also to forestall the gradual erosion of the site. „
Since 2010, a working group of archaeologists, anthropologists, geoscientists and physicians led by the University of Greifswald and the State Office for Culture and Heritage Mecklenburg-Vorpommern has been researching the remnants of this approximately 3,300-year-old suspected battlefield.
For this purpose, regular excavations have been taking place for several years.
The extraordinary finds are scattered in the Tollensetal.
Volunteer divers of the National Association for Underwater Archeology Mecklenburg-Vorpommern support the search for new sites in and around the river.
In the summer of 2011, a new spectacular site was discovered, which has also supplied unique metal finds.
The volunteer research divers Sonja and Frank Nagel from Bergen on the island of Rügen, in their last summer vacation together with Dr. med. Joachim Krüger from the Landesverband für Unterwasserarchäologie Mecklenburg-Vorpommern supports archaeologists in their work and discovers and salvages the outstanding bronze metal finds.
In addition to a gold spiral ring, which is dated in the same time period as the skeletal remains in the study area, so far unique tin rings were salvaged in Germany.
These are of particular scientific value, since tin is necessary for the production of bronze, but as raw material in processed form for this period could so far only very rarely be detected and the trade of this important raw material to
Northern Germany proves.
„The newly discovered find locality and the discovery of the tin rings in the river underline the outstanding importance of the Tollensetal for the study of the Bronze Age in Germany.“
The growing number of weapons finds from the period around 1250 BC reinforces our assumption that the remains of humans in the Valley is due to a violent conflict of a magnitude totally unexpected at this time. “ explains Prof. Dr. med. Thomas Terberger from the Department of Prehistory and Early History at the Historical Institute of the University of Greifswald.
The new results will soon be presented to the professional audience in the „Prehistoric Journal“.
Man is the only recent species of the genus Homo. It has been fossilized in Africa for
about 300,000 years (!!)
where it developed via an evolutionary link known as archaic Homo sapiens, probably from Homo erectus.
More, but much younger fossil evidence exists for the species from all continents except Antarctica.
Of the living apes, the chimpanzees are closest to human phylogenetics, before the gorillas. In October 2018, the world’s population comprised approximately 7.63 billion individuals.
If we relate the 300,000 years in relation to the 3,000 years, it immediately stands out that wars have not been that long before and it was mostly peaceful.