WER GLAUBT ETWAS ZU SEIN, HAT AUFGEHÖRT ETWAS ZU WERDEN.
Socrates (Σωκράτης Sōkrátēs, * 469 BC in Alopeke, Athens, † 399 BC in Athens)
was a fundamental for Western thought Greek philosopher who lived and worked in Athens at the time of the Attic Democracy.
In order to obtain knowledge of human nature, ethical principles and world understanding, he developed the philosophical method of a structured dialogue which he called maieutik („midwife art“).
Socrates himself left no written works.
The tradition of his life and thought is based on the writings of others, chiefly his disciples Plato and Xenophon.
They wrote Socratic dialogues and emphasized different features of his teaching.
Any account of historical Socrates and his philosophy is therefore sketchy and associated with uncertainties.