The Eagle Nebula M16 lies between the constellations of the Sagittarius (Sagittarius) and the Serpens (Serpens).
The mist forms a key-shaped bubble on the side of a dense cloud of interstellar gas.
Most of this cloud is so dense and cool that its hydrogen atoms can assemble into molecules, providing the raw material for the formation of new stars.
In addition to carbon, the cloud also contains other substances that absorb the light and thereby hide the view of the interior of the cloud. Around 100 newborn stars that shine up to 100,000 times brighter than our sun are clustered at the edge of the key-shaped eagle nebula.
On its surface temperatures of up to 50,000 degrees Kelvin prevail. These young stars emit ultraviolet radiation that makes the surrounding gas glow.
The name Eagle Nebula was given to M16 because of its shape reminiscent of a sitting eagle.
A series of dense gas columns that protrude into the nebula play a crucial role in star formation. The gas inside the stars reaches such a high density that it collapses and breaks up into smaller lumps.
Over time, the lumps increase in mass with more and more collapsing gas until they are so compressed by their own weight that fusion processes begin in the nucleus and
a new star is born.