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20181119  Japan Art

日本美術 – (短)歴史












Japanese Art – History

We usually associate art from Japan with a simplicity and harmony that nevertheless express complex events. 

Buddhism, which reached the country in the 7th century, influenced art immensely. 

The Buddhist faith and its conception of nature and spirit, as well as humans, were then captured in statues, pictures and poems. 

During this period and until the 9th century, the architecture of the temples was brought to new tracks by Chinese influences. 

For example, the numerous pagodas that can be admired today in many temples were created. 

In the period up to the 19th century, art was exposed to the influences of the respective rulers.

 Thus, sculptures and paintings were mostly created by men in the courtyard. 

During this time, various art forms emerged, such as scrolls with paintings, the painting of paper doors in temples, whose motifs often came from nature. 

Another important topic of art was the issues that took place at court. 

Thus, in addition to the traditional woodcut, the Chinese-influenced ink painting developed, which served to represent different scenes as naturalistic as possible. 

The first European influences also took place during this time. 

This condensed with the opening of Japan to the rest of the world with the end of the Edo period at the end of the 19th century. 

The time until the Second World War was characterized by training in European arts, but also by the preservation of Japanese traditions. Here many connections between the European and the Japanese art styles emerged, such as the manga, which is a mix of European caricatures and Japanese woodcuts. 

After the Second World War, Japanese art then sloshed into the worldwide market and gained a high status there.

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